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Author(s):Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance
Title:ACSFA policy brief: The toolbox and student aid policy
Short Description:Examines the report "The toolbox revisited: Paths to degree completion from high school through college" by Clifford Adelman, addressing challenges to findings in the report that SES is only modestly related to degree completion.
Annotation:This policy brief examines the report "The toolbox revisited: Paths to degree completion from high school through college" by Clifford Adelman, addressing the failure of the report to clarify that students from low SES backgrounds are as much as ten times less likely to follow the educational pipeline from high school through college as are students from high SES families. Policy inferences drawn by the study stating that SES matters only "modestly" to degree completion and that SES related gaps in degree completion can be narrrowed merely by following the path highlighted in the report are also criticized as lacking the support of data and methodology.
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Associated Keywords:
Affordability, Tuition and College Costs
College Access
Educational Attainment/College Degree Completion
Financial Aid
High School
Low-Income Students
P-16 (Pre K - Grade 16) Alignment and Initiatives

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Indiana higher education opportunity data book
Trends in student aid 2005
College Access Challenge Grants: Including Adult Learners, Strengthening Student Success
2010 Tuition Fees and Financial Aid Report
Apply to Succeed: Ensuring community college students benefit from need-based financial aid
IDA pays: A missing piece of the access puzzle
How much are college students borrowing?
Financial aid in theory and practice
The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
Flexible learning options for adult students
Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Stronger department of education oversight needed to help ensure only eligible students receive federal student aid
Questions that matter: Setting the research agenda on access and success in postsecondary education
Lumina Foundation for Education
Education Trust, Inc
Early commitment financial aid programs
The funding gap 2004: Many states still shortchange low-income and minority students
Achievement in America
Breaking through: Helping low-skilled adults enter and succeed in college and careers
The power to change: High schools that help all students achieve
Beyond the tunnel problem: Addressing cross-cutting issues that impact vulnerable youth
Workbook of state affordability rates 2004
In state tuition for undocumented immigrants
Investing in America's future: Why student aid pays off for society and individuals
At what cost? The price that working students pay for a college education
Student financing of undergraduate education: 1999-2000
35th Annual survey report on state-sponsored student financial aid: 2003-04 Academic year
Changes in Pell grant utilization at Indiana Title IV institutions from 1992 to 2003
Low-income adults in profile: Improving lives through higher education
Getting ready to pay for college: What students and their parents know about the cost of college tuition and what they are doing to find out
Collision course: Rising college costs threaten America’s future and require shared solutions
How is school reform tied to increasing college access and success for low income and minority youth
College affordability in jeopardy: The rising price of higher education
On course for success: A close look at high school courses that prepare students for college
College knowledge: What Latino parents need to know and why they don't know it
Pell Grant recipients in selective colleges and universities
Just and efficient college finance
Diversity, school, family, and community connections
The growing gap between reality and policy in opportunity in for higher education
Impact of student aid program design, operations, and marketing on the formation of family college-going plans and resulting college-going behaviors of potential students
Economic diversity of colleges: College-level data for researchers and the public
Student financing of undergraduate education 2003-04, with a special analysis of the net price of attendance and federal education tax benefits
Tuition discounting: Not just a private college practice
Early financial aid commitment: Response to Indiana's education roundtable
The state of college affordability in Indiana
Higher education for undocumented students: The case for open admission and in-state tuition rates for students without lawful immigration status
Making college affordable: A work-book on financial aid, loans, and scholarships for college-bound students and their families
Perceptions of college financial aid among California Latino youth
Internet inequalities: Financial aid, the internet, and low-income students
A little knowledge is a dangerous thing: How perceptions of costs and benefits affect access to education
Fixing the formula: A new approach to determining independent students' ability to pay for college
Creating options 2006: Financial aid opportunities for individuals with disabilities
Primary progress, secondary challenge
Effective preschool curricula and teaching strategies
Childcare and early childhood education: More information sharing and program review by HHS could enhance access for families with limited English proficiency
What every student should know about financial aid
Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps
College on credit: How borrowers perceive their education debt
Opening doors: Support success: Services that may help low-income students succeed in community college
Education pays 2006
Position paper on the reauthorization of higher education act
Indiana project on academic success: Retention Bibliography
The advanced placement expansion of the '90's: How did traditionally underserved students fare
National Center for College Costs
How do financial aid policies affect colleges? The institutional impact of the Georgia HOPE scholarship
The college and financial aid guide for: AB540 undocumented immigrant students
Dropout rates in the United States: 2004
The contributions of economics to the study of college access and success
Guide for parents: Ten steps to prepare your child for college
Rescuing Brown v. Board of Education: Profiles of twelve school districts pursuing socioeconomic school integration
Preparing all Indiana youth for life in the global human capital economy
Is college right for your child?: How to weigh the pros and cons
Promoting school readiness through universal preschool
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Boosters, brokers, and bridges: Real world ideas for college access programs
How outreach programs are implemented affects student achivement
The learning season: The untapped power of summer to advance student achievement
Knocking at the college door: California state report
Connected by 25: Financing entrepreneurship programs for youth transitioning out of foster care
Fund Your Future: Student Financial Aid Workbook
Transfer between community colleges and four-year colleges: The all-American game
Head Start participants, programs, families, and staff in 2005
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
Afterschool programs as an oasis of hope for black parents in four cities
A new majority: Low income students in the South's public schools
The family: America's smallest school
Student charges and financial aid: 2006-07
The Breakthrough High School project
Learning in a new key
StateVoucher.org (Education and Training Vouchers)
Manchester College: Fast forward program
College Board scholarship search
The funding gap 2007
The funding gap (Spanish version)
The Sallie Mae Fund
Teacher credentials and student achievement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
The turnaround challenge: Why America's best opportunity to dramatically improve student achievement lies in our worst-performing schools
A Better Chance.org
2006-2007 National directory of scholarships, internships, and fellowships for Latino youth
Economic mobility project
Engaging faculty and staff: An imperative for fostering retention, advising, and smart borrowing
Education Finance Council
College planning resource directory
Explaining financial aid
Center for Law and Social Policy
A mission of the heart: What does it take to transform a school?
School funding's tragic flaw
Fixing No Child Left Behind
Back to basics: Improving college readiness of community college students
Trends in student aid 2008
Federal access policies and higher education for working adults
What every college access practitioner should know: About sources of funding and other support
Department of Upward Bound programs: Strategic plan
Early intervention program and college partnerships
Fast foward: Find your place - faster
Setting the record straight: How trendy approaches to college access might or might not be helping low-income students
Engaged for success: Service-learning as a tool for high school dropout prevention
Leveraging postsecondary partners to build a college-going culture: Tools for high school-postsecondary partnerships