Home Home
Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Mudel, D., and Rice, L
Title:The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
Source:http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/paper...
Date:2009
Organization:Brookings Center on Children and Families
Short Description:Although a formal, controlled experiment testing the impact of the Pell program has not been conducted, a ‘natural experiment’ did occur during the 1996-2004 years. During most of this period (1996-2002), increases in Pell and other grant awards and relatively stable public college tuitions combined to create small, but steady declines in net-of-grant prices. These declines created an opportunity to assess the impact of grant programs on college-going among lower income high school graduates.
Annotation:Although a formal, controlled experiment testing the impact of the Pell program has not been conducted, a ‘natural experiment’ did occur during the 1996-2004 years. During most of this period (1996-2002), increases in Pell and other grant awards and relatively stable public college tuitions combined to create small, but steady declines in net-of-grant prices. These declines created an opportunity to assess the impact of grant programs on college-going among lower income high school graduates. These grant-induced price declines were concentrated in lower-price public colleges (two- and four-year, non Ph.D. granting colleges), an especially important segment of the college marketplace because these schools are the most likely choices of lower-income youth who are on the margin between attending and not attending college.
Link: View Full Text

Print Bibliography: HyperLink 

Is this item's link broken? Report Broken Link

Associated Keywords:
Data
Documents
Evaluation
Female Students
Low-Income Students
Need-based Aid
Pell Grants

Similar Items:
New kids on the block: Results from the Moving to Opportunity experiment
The Chafee Educational and Training Voucher (ETV) program: Six states experiences
Recent participation in formal learning among working-age adults with different levels of education
A summary of career beginnings impact evaluation: Findings from a program for disadvantaged high school students
A step toward college success: Assessing attainment among Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars
Georgia's HOPE scholarship and minority and low-income students: Program effects and proposed reforms
Helping low-wage workers persist in education programs
From assets to school outcomes: How finances shape children's perceived possibilities and intentions
A profile of successful Pell Grant recipients: Time to Bachelor's degree and early graduate school enrollment
Strengthening financial aid policies for low-income working adults
Dropout risk factors and exemplary programs: A technical report
The impacts of regular Upward Bound: Results from the third follow-up data collection
Access and persistence: Winter 2006
2008-09 EFC (Expected Family Contribution) Formula Guide
2007-08 Directory of colleges cooperating with the SAT program fee-waiver service
Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps
Student debt and the class of 2005: Average debt by state, sector, and school
Paying back, not giving back: Student debt's negative influence on public service career opportunities
Federal Pell Grant program of the Higher Education Act: Background and reauthorization
Federal Pell Grants: Implications of increasing the maximum reward
College affordability for students from low and lower-middle income families
Purdue opportunity awards program
Our impoverished view of education reform
How do financial aid policies affect colleges? The institutional impact of the Georgia HOPE scholarship
Unequal opportunity: Disparities in college access among the 50 states
National study of student support services. Third-year longitudinal study results and program implementation study update
Achivement and attainment in Chicago charter schools
Course-taking patterns and preparation for postsecondary education in California's public university systems among minority youth
Denied: Community college students lack access to affordable loans
Trends in college pricing 2008
Trends in student aid 2009
Opportunity adrift: Our flagship universities are straying from their public mission
Putting money on the table: Information, financial aid, and access to college
What is the price of college? Total, net, and out of pocket prices in 2007-08
Completing College: Assessing Graduation Rates at Four Year Colleges
Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Promise lost: College-qualified students who don't enroll in college
Transitional jobs for ex-prisoners: Early impacts from a random assignment evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Prisoner Reentry Program
Window of opportunity: Targeting federal grant aid to students with the lowest incomes
Examining gaps in mathematics achievement among racial-ethnic groups, 1972-1992
Left behind: Unequal opportunity in higher education.
Debt burden: Repaying student debt
Net price to family for dependent and independent undergraduate students by institutional type/control and parental income quartiles, 2004
Show us the money: Low-income students, families, and financial aid
Dropout rates in the United States: 2004
Primary progress, secondary challenge
Merit aid and college access
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
2007 Status report on the Pell Grant program
Achievement trap: How America is failing millions of high-achieving students from lower-income families
Asian Pacific Islander American Students and U.S. high schools
Constrained after college: Student loans and early career occupational choices
State merit aid programs: Responses by Florida community colleges
Do loans increase college access and choice? Examining the introduction of universal student loans
A multi-institution analysis of the effects of campus-based financial aid on student persistence at public four-year institutions
Realizing the college dream (English and Spanish versions)
PERSIST: A comprehensive guide for student success in higher education
Demography is not destiny: Increasing the graduation rates of low-income college students at large public universities
A whole 'nother world: Students navigating community college
College on credit: How borrowers perceive their education debt
Opening the door to the American Dream: Increasing higher education access and success for immigrants
Improving educational opportunties for students who work
Indiana Higher Education Opportunity Data Book
Beating the odds: The real challenges behind the math achievement gap - and what high-achieving schools can teach us about how to close it
How does the United States stack up? International comparisons of academic achievement
Financial aid pledges to reduce student debt (list of colleges and universities reducing or eliminating student loans for low-income families)
The Kalamazoo Promise
Evaluation of new century high schools: Profile of an initiative to create and sustain small, successful high schools
Advanced placement report to the nation: 2007
A college access contract
Baltimore city's high school reform initiative: Schools, students, and outcomes
Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
Career academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment
Increasing the achievement of Native American youth at early college high schools
Every child, every promise: Turning failure into action
NDSFA: State financial aid and college access
An exploration of what we know about the formation and impact of perceptions of college prices, student aid, and the affordability of college-going and a prospectus for future research
Recession, retrenchment, and recovery: State higher education funding and student financial aid
Indiana higher education opportunity data book
Empty promises: The myth of college access in America
How is school reform tied to increasing college access and success for low income and minority youth
A deficit of understanding: Confronting the funding crisis in higher education and the threat to low-income and minority access
2003 status report on the Pell grant program
Turning around chronically low-performing schools
Early intervention programs: Opening the doors to higher education
Research brief: Practices that support data use in urban high schools
Trends in student aid 2008
What is Known About the Impact of Financial Aid? Implications for Policy
Rising Tuition and Enrollment in Public Higher Education
Promoting Full-Time Attendance Among Adults in Community College
Why 529 college savings plans favor the fortunate
College Access Challenge Grants: Including Adult Learners, Strengthening Student Success
Drowning in debt: The emerging student loan crisis
Working too hard to make the grade: How fewer work hours and more financial aid can help California community college students succeed
Fulfilling the Commitment: Recommendations for Reforming Federal Student Aid
The effectiveness of student aid policies: What the research tells us
Tuition equity legislation: Investing in Colorado high school graduates through equal opportunity to postsecondary education
The Benwood plan: A lesson in comprehensive teacher reform
Given half a chance: The Schott 50 state report on public education and black males
Leveraging postsecondary partners to build a college-going culture: Tools for high school-postsecondary partnerships
Early intervention program and college partnerships
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Youth in foster care with adult mentors during adolescence have improved adult outcomes
Persistence and attainment of beginning students with Pell Grants
The role of finances in the persistence process.: A structural model
The student debt dilemma: Debt aversion as a barrier to college access
What students pay for college: Changes in net price of college attendance between 1992-93 and 1999-2000
Debt burden: A comparison of 1992-93 and 1999-2000 bachelor's degree recipients a year after graduating
Easy money: How congress could increase federal student aid funding at no additional cost to taxpayers
The future of private loans: Who is borrowing and why?
Breaking through the barriers to college: Empowering low-income communities, schools, and families for college opportunity and student financial aid
National Urban League Scholarships
National association of street schools
Convergence: Trends threatening to narrow college opportunity in America
College enrollment gender gap widens for White and Hispanic students, but race and income disparities still most significant new ACE report finds
Who goes to preschool and why does it matter
Education longitudinal study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A first look at the initial postsecondary experiences of the high school Sophomore class of 2002
2006-2007 National directory of scholarships, internships, and fellowships for Latino youth
Avoidable Losses: High-Stakes Accountability and the Dropout Crisis
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
No Child Left Behind: State report card 2005-2006
Forming a college-going community in U.S. public high schools
Mounting pressures facing the U.S. workforce and the increasing need for adult education and literacy
Access to college: The role of tuition, financial aid, scholastic preparation and college supply in public college enrollments
College grants on a postcard: A proposal for simple and predictable federal student aid
Using EXPLORE® and PLAN® Data to Evaluate GEAR UP Programs
Campus-based student financial aid programs under the higher education act
College scholarships for Latino students: Are opportunities being missed?
Urban school reform: Achievement and school climate outcomes for the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP)
Successful bilingual schools: Six effective programs in California
Orange juice or orange drink? Ensuring that "advanced courses" live up to their labels
The economic promise of investing in high-quality preschool: Using early education to improve economic growth and the fiscal sustainability of states and the nation
Higher education, higher cost and higher debt: Paying for college in the future
Income and financial aid effects on persistence and degree attainment in public colleges
Setting students' sights on college: Chicago public schools
Using EPAS™ to evaluate school-based intervention programs: GEAR UP
How outreach programs are implemented affects student achivement
Beating the odds: An analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments: 2005-06 School year
Connected by 25: Financing entrepreneurship programs for youth transitioning out of foster care
Helping Teens Succeed
California: State accountability report card 2005-06
The 4th annual AP report to the nation
The costs and benefits of an excellent education for all of America's children
2007 Survey of parents of college-bound freshman
Academic competitiveness grant
Preventing student disengagement in middle schools and keeping students on the graduation track in high-poverty middle-grades schools: Early identification and effective interventions
SREB states lead the nation in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs
Educational programs and projects that address the needs of low-income students
The learning season: The untapped power of summer to advance student achievement
The global state of higher education and the rise of private finance
Building a culture of evidence for community college student success: Early progress in the Achieving the Dream initiative
Promise abandoned: How policy choices and institutional practices restrict college opportunity
High school guidance counselors: Facilitators or preemptors of social stratification in education
Institutional grants and baccalaureate degree attainment
Diversity and persistence in Indiana higher education: The impact of preparation, major choices, and financial aid
School context, student attitudes and behavior, and student achievement: An exploratory analysis
It's kind of different: Student experiences in two early college high schools
Missed opportunities revisited: New information on students who do not apply for financial aid
Destination university: A guide to college for students and their families (Spanish Version)
Promising practices: School to career and postsecondary education for foster care youth
Miles to go: Louisiana
Placing college graduation rates in context: How 4-Year college graduation rates vary with selectivity and the size of low-income enrollment
2003-04 National postsecondary student aid study: Undergraduate financial aid estimates for twelve states
Paying for persistence: Early results of a Louisiana scholarship program for low-income parents attending community college
Pathways to and through college: Linking policy with research and practice
2003-04 National postsecondary student aid study: Undergraduate financial aid estimates for 2003-04 by type of institution
Education as crime prevention: Reinstating Pell Grant eligibility for the incarcerated
Transitions to college: From theory to practice
Crisis at the core: Preparing all students for college and work
What role can dual enrollment programs play in easing the transition between high school and postsecondary education
One-third of a nation: Rising drop-out rates and declining opportunity
Pell Grant recipients in selective colleges and universities
Held back: How student aid programs fail working adults
Consortium on Chicago school research at the University of Chicago
Beyond access: Explaining socioeconomic differences in college transfer
Condition of education 2008
Helping community college students cope with financial emergencies: Lessons from the Dreamkeepers and Angel Fund financial aid programs
An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses
Financial aid in theory and practice
Federal student aid formula: Cost-of-living adjustment could increase aid to a small percentage of students in high-cost areas but could also further complicate aid process
Why stop after high school?: A descriptive analysis of the most important reasons that high school graduates do not continue to PSE
Engaged for success: Service-learning as a tool for high school dropout prevention
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation
Getting What We Pay For: State Community College Strategies that Low-Income, Lower-Skilled Students
Stronger department of education oversight needed to help ensure only eligible students receive federal student aid
Trends in college pricing 2009
IDA pays: A missing piece of the access puzzle
How much are college students borrowing?
A mission of the heart: What does it take to transform a school?
Out before the game begins: Hispanic leaders talk about what's needed to bring more Hispanic youngsters into science, technology and math professions
The connection strategy: Preparing young people to succeed in college and beyond
Connecting schools, families, and communities: Stories and results from the Annie E. Casey Foundation's education investments
ETS Policy Notes: Adult education in America
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Fixing No Child Left Behind
Higher education: Tuition continues to rise, but patterns vary by institution type, enrollment, and educational expenditures
National evaluation of GEAR UP: A summary of the first two years
Upward Bound Math-Science: Program description and interim impact estimates
A matter of trust: Ten key insights from recent public opinion research on attitudes about education among Hispanic parents
On ramp to college: A state policymaker's guide to dual enrollment
The dream deferred: Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
Do grants matter?
Access denied: Restoring the nation’s commitment to equal educational opportunity
Increasing the preparedness of at-risk students
High school graduation rates by race/ethnicity, limited English proficiency, free and reduced price lunch
The link between high school reform and college access and success for low-income and minority youth
Access to the most selective private colleges by high-ability, low-income students: Are they out there?
CollegeSummit.org
Beyond the tunnel problem: Addressing cross-cutting issues that impact vulnerable youth
Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education
State financial aid: Policies to enhance articulation and transfer
Powerful partnerships: Independent colleges share high-impact strategies for low-income students’ success
The access challenge: Rethinking the causes of the new inequality
No merit in these scholarships
Paying for college: Changes between 1990 and 2000 for full-time dependent undergraduates
Public attitudes on higher education
Student financing of undergraduate education: 1999-2000
What colleges contribute: Institutional aid to full-time undergraduates attending four-year colleges and universities
Teens and technology: Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation
Impact of student aid program design, operations, and marketing on the formation of family college-going plans and resulting college-going behaviors of potential students
Expanding access and opportunity: The impact of the Gates Millennium Scholars Program
Grants for students: What they do, why they work
How do pre-collegiate outreach programs impact college-going among underrepresented students
The advanced placement expansion of the '90's: How did traditionally underserved students fare
NDSFA: Getting the most out of federal aid spending -- encouraging colleges and universities to promote the common good
Engines of inequality: Diminishing equity in the nation's premier public universities
Academic pathways to college: Policies and practices of the fifty states to reach underserved students
Opening doors: Promoting student success in community college and beyond
The effects of merit-based financial aid on course enrollment, withdrawal, and completion in college
Global debt patterns: An international comparison of student loan burdens and repayment conditions
Cal-SOAP
Internet inequalities: Financial aid, the internet, and low-income students
Documenting the shift to merit
Tuition discounting: Not just a private college practice
Mortgaging our future: How financial barriers to college undercut America's global competitiveness
Student charges and financial aid: 2006-07
State grant aid and it's effects on students' college choices
Indiana Chafee Education and Training Voucher (ETV) Program
Orphan Foundation of America
Cashing in or cashing out: Tools for measuring the effectiveness and outcomes of financial aid events
Teacher credentials and student achievement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
Overlooked gems: A national perspective on low-income promising learners
Low-income students and college success: More than money
Are teachers prepared for racially diverse schools? Teachers describe their preparation, resources, and practices for racially diverse schools
Project stepping stone: A college preparation program for Hispanic youth
Raising graduation rates in an era of high standards: Five commitments for state action
IBRinfo.org
Knocking at the college door: California state report
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation graduate scholarship program
Postsecondary success begins with high school preparation
Preparing all Indiana youth for life in the global human capital economy
Back to school: Federal student aid policy and adult college enrollment
Post-secondary education options for low-income students
Fact book bulletin: Latest data confirms a college affordability gap for students from middle- and lower-income families
Balancing acts: How high school counselors view risks and opportunities of student loans
Breaking barriers: A case study of two high performing high schools
Proven benefits of early childhood interventions
Straight from the source: What works for first-generation college students
Qualified teachers for at-risk schools: A national imperative
Childcare and early childhood education: More information sharing and program review by HHS could enhance access for families with limited English proficiency
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Closing educational achievement gaps for Latino/a students in Utah
Who's left behind? Immigrant children in high and low LEP schools
New faces, old patterns: Segregation in the multiracial south
Building bridges to college and careers: Contextualized basic skills programs at community colleges
Pre-K and Latinos: The foundation for America's future
Ladders of learning: Fighting fade-out by advancing pK-3 alignment
Educational vouchers for universal preschools
The alternative pathways project: A framework for dropout reduction and recovery
Early childhood investment yields big payoff
What every student should know about financial aid
Racial transformation and the changing nature of segregation
California Community Colleges: Making them stronger and more affordable
Student debt: Bigger and bigger
Undergraduate students and credit cards 2004: An analysis of usage rates and trends
The debt explosion among college graduates
Student loan forgiveness programs
Federal student aid need analysis: Background and selected simplification issues
Preparing all Indiana youth for life in the global human capital economy
Ethnic Minority and Women's Enhancement Postgraduate Scholarship for careers in athletics
Returning to our roots: Student access
Student African American Brotherhood
Choosing Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs): A closer look at Latino students college choices
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2004
Federal Student Aid (FSA)
Parent expectations and planning for college: Statistical analysis report
Breaking through: Helping low-skilled adults enter and succeed in college and careers
Indiana Association for the Gifted Scholarship
From high school to the future: Potholes on the road to college
Who graduates in California?
An overview of post-secondary support programs for former foster youth
A Better Chance.org
A plan to improve the quality of teaching in American schools
Fighting poverty through incentives and work mandates for young men
Project on student debt: State by state data
Afterschool programs as an oasis of hope for black parents in four cities
Unmasking the effects of student engagement on college grades and persistence
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
Transfer between community colleges and four-year colleges: The all-American game
The study of economic, informational, and cultural barriers to community college student transfer access at selective institutions: National estimates of transfer access and baccalaureate degree attainment at four-year colleges and universities
Child care and development block grant participation in 2005
Child care assistance in 2004: States have fewer funds for child care
Reaching all children? Understanding early care and education participation among immigrant families
The turnaround challenge: Why America's best opportunity to dramatically improve student achievement lies in our worst-performing schools
Starfish Initiative: Mentoring application
The CollegeKeys Compact: Getting ready, getting in, and getting through college: Expanding options for low-income students
Tips for parents with high school teens: Countdown to college
Historic reversals, accelerating resegregation and the need for new integration strategies
GI bill: A reality check
State of college admission 2006
Need versus merit: Focusing student financial aid for diversity
Changes in patterns of prices and financial aid
The impact of advice on price: Evidence from research
Twenty-first Century Scholars Program
Perceptions of college financial aid among California Latino youth
Bridges to success
Foundation for excellent schools
Working their way through college: Student employment and its impact on the college experience
ACSFA policy brief: The toolbox and student aid policy
Educational needs index
Workbook of state affordability rates 2004
Questbridge
Moving on: State policies to address academic brain drain in the South
Opening doors: Support success: Services that may help low-income students succeed in community college
How well are states educating our neediest children?: The Fordham report 2006
Trends in college pricing 2006
Pathways to improving practice: Data-driven pre-college outreach programs
Paying for college: The rising cost of higher education
California trends in student aid: 1994-95 to 2003-04
35th Annual survey report on state-sponsored student financial aid: 2003-04 Academic year
Crucial choices: How students financial decisions affect their academic success
A guide to establishing community-based college access centers
Higher education reform: Incorporating the needs of foster youth
A closer look at the President's proposal for changes in student assistance
Basic facts about in-state tuition for undocumented immigrant students
GEAR UP
2006-2007 NASFAA financial aid night and counselor's materials
At what cost? The price that working students pay for a college education
Investing in America's future: Why student aid pays off for society and individuals
A new core curriculum for all: Aiming high for other peoples' children
Income of U.S. workforce projected to decline if education doesn't improve
Knocking at the college door: Projections of high school graduates by state, income, and race/ethnicity
A matter of degrees: Improving graduation rates in four-year colleges and universities
Raising the graduation rates of low-income college students
The school to college transition: Challenges and prospects
Indicators of opportunity in higher education
Who should we help? The negative social consequences of merit aid scholarships
State merit scholarship programs and racial inequality
The student aid gauntlet: Making access to college simple and certain
The role of student loans in college access
College affordability: Overlooked long-term trends and recent 50 state patterns
Debts and decisions: Student loans and their relationship to graduate school and career choice
Missed opportunities: A new look at disadvantaged college aspirants
Just and efficient college finance
Rhetoric and reality: Effects and consequences of the HOPE scholarship
College access in Indiana and the United States: A 2005 status report
Pathways to a four-year degree: The higher education story of one generation
Improving lives through higher education: Campus programs and policies for low-income adults
Preparing for college: Building expectations, changing realities
Borrowers who drop out: A neglected aspect of the college student loan trend
Discounting toward disaster: Tuition discounting, college finances, and enrollments of low-income undergraduates
Federal education budget project
Jackie Robinson Foundation Scholarship Program
Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) Scholarship Program
Setting the record straight: How trendy approaches to college access might or might not be helping low-income students
Counselors and Mentors Handbook on Federal Student Aid: A Guide for Those Helping Students Prepare for Postsecondary Education
Girls Going Places Entrepreneurship Award Program
National evaluation of Upward Bound: Summary of first-year impacts and program operations
Programs at higher education institutions for disadvantaged precollege students
What every college access practitioner should know about: Economic diversity in Indiana and U.S. colleges and universities
A profile of the Ronald McNair postbaccalaureate achievement program: 1999-2000
A study of the Talent Search program: Analysis and highlights
White students are racially isolated
Colleges and universities expand efforts to improve access and affordability
Back to basics: Improving college readiness of community college students
The Pangloss Index: How states game the No Child Left Behind Act
Federal access policies and higher education for working adults
Race matters: Unequal opportunities in education
Confronting the "new" American dilemma: Underrepresented minorities in engineering: A data-based look at diversity (Executive Summary)
How America pays for college 2009: A national study by Gallup and Sallie Mae
Targeting of student aid programs according to financial need
Engaging Faculty and Staff: An Imperative for Fostering Retention, Advising, and Smart Borrowing
What We Must Do To Create a System That Prepares Students for College Success
Hopes & hurdles: California foster youth and college financial aid
Providing effective financial aid assistance to students from foster care and unaccompanied homeless youth
Student loan forgiveness programs: An evolving workforce development tool
Access and persistence: Fall 2009
States in the Driver's Seat