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Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Linnehan, F
Title:High school guidance counselors: Facilitators or preemptors of social stratification in education
Short Description:"Using an experimental design, this study explores the role that guidance counselors, as institutional agents, serve in reinforcing or preempting social class structure."
Annotation:"Using an experimental design, this study explores the role that guidance counselors, as institutional agents, serve in reinforcing or preempting social class structure. Based on a sample of 1,713, results indicated that guidance counselors recommend students from a middle socio-economic background toward community colleges more strongly than students with higher socio-economic backgrounds. Contrary to social stratification theory, counselors recommend four year institutions to African American students more strongly than to White students. A triple interaction between a student’s race, social class and academic performance was also found to be a significant predictor of counselor recommendations. For middle class students, counselor recommendations to attend community college were stronger for African American students with low academic performance than White students with low academic performance. For upper class students, counselor recommendations for White students with low academic performance were stronger than for Black students with low academic performance, but the reverse was true for upper class students with strong academic performance. Implications and areas for future research are discussed."
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Associated Keywords:
African Americans
College Access
High School
Low-Income Students

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