Home Home
Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Miller, B.M.
Title:The learning season: The untapped power of summer to advance student achievement
Organization:Nellie Mae Education Foundation
Short Description:This report reviews research in the area of summer learning, and argues that it has been shown that the achievement gap between poor and non-poor students can largely be traced to differences in the amount of educational ground children lose during the summer months. (The report notes that, in contrast, the racial/ethnic "achievement gap" seems to develop both during the school year and during the summer.) The author argues for the need for public policy to address the summer learning gap.
Annotation:This report reviews research in the area of summer learning, and argues that it has been shown that the achievement gap between poor and non-poor students can largely be traced to differences in the amount of educational ground children lose during the summer months. (The report notes that, in contrast, the racial/ethnic "achievement gap" seems to develop both during the school year and during the summer.) The author argues for the need for public policy to address the summer learning gap.
Link: View Full Text

Print Bibliography: HyperLink 

Is this item's link broken? Report Broken Link

Associated Keywords:
Achievement Gap
Elementary School
High School
Low-Income Students
Middle School

Similar Items:
Qualified teachers for at-risk schools: A national imperative
Pre-K and Latinos: The foundation for America's future
The economic promise of investing in high-quality preschool: Using early education to improve economic growth and the fiscal sustainability of states and the nation
Ladders of learning: Fighting fade-out by advancing pK-3 alignment
A new majority: Low income students in the South's public schools
Are teachers prepared for racially diverse schools? Teachers describe their preparation, resources, and practices for racially diverse schools
The Pangloss Index: How states game the No Child Left Behind Act
Given half a chance: The Schott 50 state report on public education and black males
The costs and benefits of an excellent education for all of America's children
Helping low-wage workers persist in education programs
A plan to improve the quality of teaching in American schools
The turnaround challenge: Why America's best opportunity to dramatically improve student achievement lies in our worst-performing schools
Teacher credentials and student achievement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
Who graduates in California?
Childcare and early childhood education: More information sharing and program review by HHS could enhance access for families with limited English proficiency
Improving urban student achievement through early childhood reform: What state policymakers can do
Ensuring academic success for English learners
Closing educational achievement gaps for Latino/a students in Utah
Every child, every promise: Turning failure into action
Yes we can: Telling truths and dispelling myths about race and education in America
Primary progress, secondary challenge
Promoting a systematic focus on learning supports to address barriers to learning and teaching
Who's left behind? Immigrant children in high and low LEP schools
Effective preschool curricula and teaching strategies
Historic reversals, accelerating resegregation and the need for new integration strategies
Understanding Latino parental involvement in education: Perceptions, expectations, and recommendations
Opportunity in America: The role of education
New kids on the block: Results from the Moving to Opportunity experiment
Examining gaps in mathematics achievement among racial-ethnic groups, 1972-1992
Research brief: Practices that support data use in urban high schools
Gap or gaps? Challenging the singular definition of the achievement gap
The Benwood plan: A lesson in comprehensive teacher reform
How does the United States stack up? International comparisons of academic achievement
Consortium on Chicago school research at the University of Chicago
The funding gap (Spanish version)
Racial transformation and the changing nature of segregation
Orange juice or orange drink? Ensuring that "advanced courses" live up to their labels
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Improving academic achievement in urban districts: What state policymakers can do
New faces, old patterns: Segregation in the multiracial south
Urban school reform: Achievement and school climate outcomes for the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP)
How outreach programs are implemented affects student achivement
A report on the status of Hispanics in education: Overcoming a history of neglect
In need of improvement: NCLB & high schools
It's kind of different: Student experiences in two early college high schools
Our impoverished view of education reform
Add it up: Using research to improve education for low-income and minority students
All students reaching the top: Strategies for closing academic achievement gaps
Who goes to preschool and why does it matter
Parent power and urban school reform: The story of Mothers on the Move
Pathways to and through college: Linking policy with research and practice
Helping children move from bad schools to good ones
Promise abandoned: How policy choices and institutional practices restrict college opportunity
High school guidance counselors: Facilitators or preemptors of social stratification in education
Increasing the achievement of Native American youth at early college high schools
Ticket to nowhere: The gap between leaving high school and entering college and high performance jobs
Income of U.S. workforce projected to decline if education doesn't improve
Gaining traction, gaining ground: How some high schools accelerate learning for struggling students
Beating the odds: An analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments: 2005-06 School year
Charter high schools: Closing the achievement gap
School readiness: Closing racial and ethnic gaps
Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps
How well are states educating our neediest children?: The Fordham report 2006
A new way on school integration
Advanced placement report to the nation: 2007
Building a culture of evidence for community college student success: Early progress in the Achieving the Dream initiative
California: State accountability report card 2005-06
Raising the Bar: Policy Recommendations for high school reform
The family: America's smallest school
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
Achivement and attainment in Chicago charter schools
Still looking to the future: Voluntary K-12 student integration: A manual for parents, educators, and advocates
The funding gap 2007
From high school to the future: Potholes on the road to college
Avoidable Losses: High-Stakes Accountability and the Dropout Crisis
Indiana's adult education and workforce skills performance report: Preparing adults for a brighter future
On ramp to college: A state policymaker's guide to dual enrollment
Beyond access: Explaining socioeconomic differences in college transfer
The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
Wealth mobility and volatility in black and white
School funding's tragic flaw
Strengthening financial aid policies for low-income working adults
The connection strategy: Preparing young people to succeed in college and beyond
Turning around chronically low-performing schools
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Early intervention programs: Opening the doors to higher education
National Indian Education Study 2007 Part II: The educational experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native students in grades 4 and 8
The status of African Americans in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
The 4th annual AP report to the nation
Beating the odds: The real challenges behind the math achievement gap - and what high-achieving schools can teach us about how to close it
Cities in crisis: A special analytic report on high school graduation
Unmasking the effects of student engagement on college grades and persistence
Asian Pacific Islander American Students and U.S. high schools
Learning in a new key
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2006
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
The narrowing gap in New York City teacher qualifications and its implications for student achievement in high-poverty schools
The future of public education in New Orleans
The unraveling of No Child Left Behind: How negotiated changes unravel the law
Looking to the future: Volunatary K-12 school integration
Children at risk: Consequences for school readiness and beyond
Proven benefits of early childhood interventions
Helping Teens Succeed
African American students and U.S. high schools
Mounting pressures facing the U.S. workforce and the increasing need for adult education and literacy
Opening the door to the American Dream: Increasing higher education access and success for immigrants
The link between high school reform and college access and success for low-income and minority youth
The power to change: High schools that help all students achieve
The funding gap 2004: Many states still shortchange low-income and minority students
A new core curriculum for all: Aiming high for other peoples' children
Rural education at a glance
High school graduation rates by race/ethnicity, limited English proficiency, free and reduced price lunch
Pathways to a four-year degree: Determinants of transfer and degree completion
Miles to go: Louisiana
Kids Count state-level data online
Georgia's HOPE scholarship and minority and low-income students: Program effects and proposed reforms
Vital voices: Building constituencies for public school reform
Diversity, school, family, and community connections
Education watch online
The seventh generation: Native students speak about finding the good path
How do pre-collegiate outreach programs impact college-going among underrepresented students
Foundation for excellent schools
Educational needs index state report: Indiana
American student achievement institute
National College Access Program Directory
Ithaca College - Frederick Douglass Academy Partnership
An exploration of what we know about the formation and impact of perceptions of college prices, student aid, and the affordability of college-going and a prospectus for future research
State of decline? Gaps in college access and achievement call for renewed commitment to educating Californians
The school to college transition: Challenges and prospects
A shared agenda: A leadership challenge to improve college access and success
The access challenge: Rethinking the causes of the new inequality
What role can dual enrollment programs play in easing the transition between high school and postsecondary education
Reaching out to diverse populations: What can schools do to foster family-school connections?
African American achievement in America
Show us the money: Low-income students, families, and financial aid
The High Schools Hispanics Attend: Size and Other Key Characteristics
Realizing the college dream (English and Spanish versions)
Demography is not destiny: Increasing the graduation rates of low-income college students at large public universities
College affordability for students from low and lower-middle income families
Higher education, higher cost and higher debt: Paying for college in the future
Equality and education, A Century Foundation project
Educational vouchers for universal preschools
Baltimore city's high school reform initiative: Schools, students, and outcomes
Making pre-kindergarten work for low-income working families
Transfer between community colleges and four-year colleges: The all-American game
Knocking at the college door: California state report
Educational programs and projects that address the needs of low-income students
States' progress toward high school restructuring
Afterschool programs as an oasis of hope for black parents in four cities
State policies to bring adult learning into focus
Middle-class schools for all
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
Supporting English language acquisition: Opportunities for foundations to strengthen the social and economic well-being of immigrant families
Confronting the "new" American dilemma: Underrepresented minorities in engineering: A data-based look at diversity (Executive Summary)
A mission of the heart: What does it take to transform a school?
Out before the game begins: Hispanic leaders talk about what's needed to bring more Hispanic youngsters into science, technology and math professions
Engaged for success: Service-learning as a tool for high school dropout prevention
Course-taking patterns and preparation for postsecondary education in California's public university systems among minority youth
Race matters: Unequal opportunities in education
Fixing No Child Left Behind
Counting on graduation: An agenda for state leadership
Tuition equity legislation: Investing in Colorado high school graduates through equal opportunity to postsecondary education
Putting money on the table: Information, financial aid, and access to college
What We Must Do To Create a System That Prepares Students for College Success
Opportunity adrift: Our flagship universities are straying from their public mission
Working too hard to make the grade: How fewer work hours and more financial aid can help California community college students succeed
Back to basics: Improving college readiness of community college students
Closing the gap in science achievement: Using NAEP science assessment scores to analyze state trends
Early intervention program and college partnerships
McNair scholar handbook
Federal education budget project
Leveraging postsecondary partners to build a college-going culture: Tools for high school-postsecondary partnerships
A matter of trust: Ten key insights from recent public opinion research on attitudes about education among Hispanic parents
Condition of education 2008
What do we know about the economic benefits of the GED? A synthesis of evidence from recent research
Recent participation in formal learning among working-age adults with different levels of education
Their fair share: How Texas-sized gaps in teacher quality shortchange low-income and minority students
Getting ahead or losing ground: Economic mobility in America
White students are racially isolated
Graduation rate watch: Making minority student success a priority
Adult learning in focus: National and state-by-state data
Evaluation of new century high schools: Profile of an initiative to create and sustain small, successful high schools
Using socioeconomic diversity to improve school outcomes
The Breakthrough High School project
SREB states lead the nation in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs
Teacher credentials and student achivement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
Education watch California: Key facts and figures
No Child Left Behind: State report card 2005-2006
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education pays 2007: The benefits of higher education for individuals and society
Busting the myth that poor, urban schools can't succeed
Center for native education
Starfish Initiative: Mentoring application
The Chafee Educational and Training Voucher (ETV) program: Six states experiences
Promoting school readiness through universal preschool
School and parent interaction by household language and poverty status: 2002–03
Breaking barriers: A case study of two high performing high schools
Early childhood investment yields big payoff
Straight from the source: What works for first-generation college students
Successful bilingual schools: Six effective programs in California
Inside the black box of high-performing high-poverty schools
Funding Gaps 2006
Education watch Washington: Key education facts and figures
Education watch Washington: Key Education Facts and Figures
Women reap more benefits from higher education, study finds
Student African American Brotherhood
The progress of education reform: Closing the achievement gap
Middle school practices improve student achievement in high poverty schools
Building bridges to college and careers: Contextualized basic skills programs at community colleges
Latino achievement in America
Mentoring high-school Latino students: Realism versus false hope
Educational needs index
School context, student attitudes and behavior, and student achievement: An exploratory analysis
Understanding and working with students and adults from poverty
Confronting the graduation rate crisis in the south
A step toward college success: Assessing attainment among Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars
Education Trust, Inc
Beyond the tunnel problem: Addressing cross-cutting issues that impact vulnerable youth
Fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education: A two-tiered education system
College knowledge: What Latino parents need to know and why they don't know it
Under-prepared community college students: Implications of attitudinal and experiential differences
Knocking at the college door: Projections of high school graduates by state, income, and race/ethnicity
Who should we help? The negative social consequences of merit aid scholarships
Challenging the myths: Rethinking the role of school counselors
Public attitudes on higher education
Getting through college: Voices of low-income and minority students in New England
Academic pathways to college: Policies and practices of the fifty states to reach underserved students
Talent Development Middle Schools
Breaking through the barriers to college: Empowering low-income communities, schools, and families for college opportunity and student financial aid
College scholarships for Latino students: Are opportunities being missed?
Voices in urban education
Paying back, not giving back: Student debt's negative influence on public service career opportunities
Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
ACSFA policy brief: The toolbox and student aid policy
College enrollment gender gap widens for White and Hispanic students, but race and income disparities still most significant new ACE report finds
The impact of advice on price: Evidence from research
Reforms that could help narrow the achievement gap
Beating the odds: A city-by-city analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments
CPS: A leader in AP growth
The advanced placement expansion of the '90's: How did traditionally underserved students fare
Closing the college participation gap: A national summary
Why segregation matters: Poverty and educational inequality
Expanding access and opportunity: The impact of the Gates Millennium Scholars Program
Gender gap grows
National association of street schools
Locked up and locked out: An educational perspective on the U.S. prison pipeline
Increasing success for underserved students: Redesigning introductory courses
Diversity and persistence in Indiana higher education: The impact of preparation, major choices, and financial aid
Federal Pell Grant program of the Higher Education Act: Background and reauthorization
Catching the Dream
Destination university: A guide to college for students and their families (Spanish Version)
Jonathan Kozol interview transcript: Source material for "Segregation and its Calamitous Effects, America's "Apartheid" Schools"
Lottery funded merit scholarships: Some lessons from the Florida Bright Futures Scholarship program
Dropout rates in the United States: 2004
Economic diversity of colleges: College-level data for researchers and the public
Accelerated learning options: A promising strategy for states
Enhancing high school reform: Lessons from site visits to four cities
Placing college graduation rates in context: How 4-Year college graduation rates vary with selectivity and the size of low-income enrollment
Left behind: Unequal opportunity in higher education.
Powerful partnerships: Independent colleges share high-impact strategies for low-income students’ success
How curriculum influences college persistence in Indiana and the nation
One-third of a nation: Rising drop-out rates and declining opportunity
On course for success: A close look at high school courses that prepare students for college
The challenge of scaling up educational reform: Findings and lesson from First Things First
Add and subtract: Dual enrollment as a state strategy to increase postsecondary success for underrepresented students
Lumina Foundation for Education
Poverty and Race Research Action Council
Achievement in America
Using EPAS™ to evaluate school-based intervention programs: GEAR UP
Using EXPLORE® and PLAN® Data to Evaluate GEAR UP Programs
Setting students' sights on college: Chicago public schools
Indiana Higher Education Opportunity Data Book
Preparing all Indiana youth for life in the global human capital economy
College access for the working poor: Overcoming burdens to succeed in higher education
The alternative pathways project: A framework for dropout reduction and recovery
Preventing student disengagement in middle schools and keeping students on the graduation track in high-poverty middle-grades schools: Early identification and effective interventions
Head Start participants, programs, families, and staff in 2005
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
Early Head Start and teen parent families: Partnerships for success
Transitioning out of high school: A quick stats fact sheet
High school dropout: A quick stats fact sheet
Access to success initiative
College readiness: Helping all students access and succeed in higher education
Colorado Reports
From cradle to career: Connecting American education from birth through adulthood; California state report
Education longitudinal study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A first look at the initial postsecondary experiences of the high school Sophomore class of 2002
Dropout risk factors and exemplary programs: A technical report
Higher education: Tuition continues to rise, but patterns vary by institution type, enrollment, and educational expenditures
Reaching higher college completion (working paper)
Transition matters: Community college to bachelor's degree
Denied: Community college students lack access to affordable loans
Economic mobility: Is the American Dream alive and well?
Raising graduation rates in an era of high standards: Five commitments for state action
New England Journal of Higher Education
Setting the record straight: How trendy approaches to college access might or might not be helping low-income students
A profile of the Ronald McNair postbaccalaureate achievement program: 1999-2000
Ronald E. McNair Postbaccaluareate Achievement Program: 2002-05 facts and figures at a glance
Starting right: A first look at engaging entering students
Survey of Entering Student Engagement (SENSE)
Strengthening state policies to increase the education and skills of low-wage workers
College Access Challenge Grants: Including Adult Learners, Strengthening Student Success
Willing and Able, But Not Eligible
From assets to school outcomes: How finances shape children's perceived possibilities and intentions
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Drowning in debt: The emerging student loan crisis
Economic Returns to Education: What We Know, What We Don’t Know, and Where We Are Going – Some Brief Pointers
College access and success state data
What is Known About the Impact of Financial Aid? Implications for Policy
Schools, Skills, and Synapses
Engaging Faculty and Staff: An Imperative for Fostering Retention, Advising, and Smart Borrowing
The effectiveness of student aid policies: What the research tells us
An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses
SREB Factbook on higher education
Getting What We Pay For: State Community College Strategies that Low-Income, Lower-Skilled Students
Connecting schools, families, and communities: Stories and results from the Annie E. Casey Foundation's education investments
Opportunity matters: A journal of research informing educational opportunity, practice and programs
Early and often: Designing a comprehensive system of financial aid information
College For Every Student
Transitions to adulthood for homeless adolescents: Education and public policy
Jackie Robinson Foundation Scholarship Program
In-state tuition for undocumented immigrants
The impacts of regular Upward Bound: Results from the third follow-up data collection
National evaluation of GEAR UP: A summary of the first two years
Helping community college students cope with financial emergencies: Lessons from the Dreamkeepers and Angel Fund financial aid programs
The status of Latinos/as in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
School strategies and the "college linking" process: Reconsidering the effects of high schools on college enrollment
Economic mobility project
Reaching higher with Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana: Focusing on the roll of community colleges
Transitional jobs for ex-prisoners: Early impacts from a random assignment evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Prisoner Reentry Program
Fighting poverty through incentives and work mandates for young men
How far behind in math and reading are English Language Learners?
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2006
Alabama: Featured facts from the SREB Fact Book on higher education
Achievement trap: How America is failing millions of high-achieving students from lower-income families
Families forgotten: Administration’s priorities put child care low on list
Frequently asked questions about college access and success
Child care and development block grant participation in 2005
Reaching all children? Understanding early care and education participation among immigrant families
Cashing in or cashing out: Tools for measuring the effectiveness and outcomes of financial aid events
Orphan Foundation of America
2006-2007 National directory of scholarships, internships, and fellowships for Latino youth
A Better Chance.org
Overlooked gems: A national perspective on low-income promising learners
Starfish Initiative
Understanding recent changes in child poverty
Student debt and the class of 2005: Average debt by state, sector, and school
Socioeconomic school integration, Race, class, and integration: Gaining new insights
Addressing the needs of adult learners
Rescuing Brown v. Board of Education: Profiles of twelve school districts pursuing socioeconomic school integration
Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans Website and Secondary School Toolkit - Spanish Version
Choosing Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs): A closer look at Latino students college choices
Hacia Adelante - Pathways to College - A Guide for Latino Families
Update: State policies regarding in-state tuition for undocumented students
A summary of career beginnings impact evaluation: Findings from a program for disadvantaged high school students
What students pay for college: Changes in net price of college attendance between 1992-93 and 1999-2000
First generation college students: A literature review
Cultural barriers to incurring debt: An exploration of borrowing and impact on access to postsecondary education
Access and persistence: Winter 2006
Breaking through: Helping low-skilled adults enter and succeed in college and careers
State higher education finance: FY 2004
Crisis at the core: Preparing all students for college and work
Improving college access for minority, low-income, and first-generation students
How do educators’ cultural belief systems affect underserved students’ pursuit of postsecondary education
A matter of degrees: Improving graduation rates in four-year colleges and universities
Socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and selective college admissions
Persistence and attainment of beginning students with Pell Grants
Access denied: Restoring the nation’s commitment to equal educational opportunity
College affordability: Overlooked long-term trends and recent 50 state patterns
State merit scholarship programs and racial inequality
Do grants matter?
College access in Indiana and the United States: A 2005 status report
Pathways to a four-year degree: The higher education story of one generation
How is school reform tied to increasing college access and success for low income and minority youth
Double the numbers: Postsecondary attainment and underrepresented youth
Easy money: How congress could increase federal student aid funding at no additional cost to taxpayers
Educational attainment in the United States: 2003
Indiana project on academic success: Retention Bibliography
Engines of inequality: Diminishing equity in the nation's premier public universities
American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian education in the states
Improving lives: Ensuring the academic success of low-income adults
Coercive mobility and crime: A preliminary examination of concentrated incarceration and social disorganization
Career academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment
Moving on: State policies to address academic brain drain in the South
Indiana's 2006 graduation rate
Opening doors: Support success: Services that may help low-income students succeed in community college
National Urban League Scholarships
Paving the way to postsecondary education: K-12 intervention programs for underrepresented youth
Federal student aid need analysis: Background and selected simplification issues
The challenges of financial aid awareness and college access
Perceptions of college financial aid among California Latino youth
State of college admission 2006