Home Home
Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Gardenhire-Crooks, A., Collado, H., and Ray, B
Title:A whole 'nother world: Students navigating community college
Source:http://www.mdrc.org/publications/434/full.pdf
Date:2006
Organization:MDRC
Short Description:MDRC’s Opening Doors Demonstration is measuring the effects of various combinations of curricular reforms, enhanced academic advising, and increased financial aid intended to increase the persistence and improve the academic achievement of students at six community colleges across the United States. This qualitative study, a complement to the Opening Doors impact evaluation, asked students about the factors that affect their ability to persist in community college.
Annotation:Each year thousands of young people begin their college careers in community colleges. The lower cost, more convenient location, and flexible admissions standards of community colleges make them an attractive educational alternative for many students, especially those from low income and disadvantaged backgrounds. Yet, persistence toward degrees among community college students is low. Family responsibilities, poor academic performance, and weak ties to faculty and other students get in the way of students’ educational aspirations. MDRC’s Opening Doors Demonstration is measuring the effects of various combinations of curricular reforms, enhanced academic advising, and increased financial aid intended to increase the persistence and improve the academic achievement of students at six community colleges across the United States. This qualitative study, a complement to the Opening Doors impact evaluation, asked students about the factors that affect their ability to persist in community college.
Link: View Full Text

Print Bibliography: HyperLink 

Is this item's link broken? Report Broken Link

Associated Keywords:
Community Colleges
Data
Documents
Educational Attainment/College Degree Completion
Engagement
Financial Aid
Non-traditional Students
Persistence/Retention
Student Success

Similar Items:
Opening doors: Promoting student success in community college and beyond
Helping low-wage workers persist in education programs
Working too hard to make the grade: How fewer work hours and more financial aid can help California community college students succeed
Enhancing student services at Lorain County Community College: Early results from the Opening the Doors demonstration in Ohio
Enhancing student services at Owens Community College: Early results from the Opening Doors demonstration in Ohio
Learning better together: The impact of learning communities on the persistence of low-income students
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
Achivement and attainment in Chicago charter schools
The learning communities demonstration: Rationale, sites, and research design
Opening doors: Support success: Services that may help low-income students succeed in community college
Paying for persistence: Early results of a Louisiana scholarship program for low-income parents attending community college
National study of student support services. Third-year longitudinal study results and program implementation study update
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Helping community college students cope with financial emergencies: Lessons from the Dreamkeepers and Angel Fund financial aid programs
Strengthening financial aid policies for low-income working adults
Starting right: A first look at engaging entering students
Course-taking patterns and preparation for postsecondary education in California's public university systems among minority youth
California Community Colleges: Making them stronger and more affordable
Building a culture of evidence for community college student success: Early progress in the Achieving the Dream initiative
Do support services at community colleges encourage success or reproduce disadvantage?
Successful bilingual schools: Six effective programs in California
Profile of undergraduates in U.S. postsecondary education institutions: 2003-04, With a special analysis of community college students
A multi-institution analysis of the effects of campus-based financial aid on student persistence at public four-year institutions
PERSIST: A comprehensive guide for student success in higher education
Opening Doors project publications
Opening the door to the American Dream: Increasing higher education access and success for immigrants
Improving academic achievement in urban districts: What state policymakers can do
Graduation rate watch: Making minority student success a priority
Survey of Entering Student Engagement (SENSE)
Second to none in attainment, discovery, and innovation: The national agenda for higher education
Completing College: Assessing Graduation Rates at Four Year Colleges
Dollars for degrees: Financial aid and its impact on post-secondary degree completion in Texas
The effectiveness of student aid policies: What the research tells us
The Benwood plan: A lesson in comprehensive teacher reform
Modeling Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs): Campus practices that work for Latino students
National evaluation of Upward Bound: Summary of first-year impacts and program operations
Transition matters: Community college to bachelor's degree
Urban school reform: Achievement and school climate outcomes for the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP)
Forming a college-going community in U.S. public high schools
Inventing Hispanic serving institutions (HSIs): The basics
The effects of merit-based financial aid on course enrollment, withdrawal, and completion in college
The art of student retention
Increasing success for underserved students: Redesigning introductory courses
Diversity and persistence in Indiana higher education: The impact of preparation, major choices, and financial aid
Access and persistence: Winter 2006
ACSFA policy brief: The toolbox and student aid policy
The role of finances in the persistence process.: A structural model
Characteristics of undergraduate borrowers: 1999-2000
Income and financial aid effects on persistence and degree attainment in public colleges
Increasing the achievement of Native American youth at early college high schools
Fifty states of achieving the dream: State policies to enhance access to community colleges across the United States
The global state of higher education and the rise of private finance
Lumina Foundation Lessons: Students aren't just data points, but numbers do count
Green lights and red tape: Improving access to financial aid at California's community colleges
The CollegeKeys Compact: Getting ready, getting in, and getting through college: Expanding options for low-income students
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
The study of economic, informational, and cultural barriers to community college student transfer access at selective institutions: National estimates of transfer access and baccalaureate degree attainment at four-year colleges and universities
Unmasking the effects of student engagement on college grades and persistence
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Improving educational opportunties for students who work
The professional mentor program plus: An academic success and retention tool for adult learners
College access for the working poor: Overcoming burdens to succeed in higher education
Opening doors to earning credentials: Impressions of community college access and retention from low-wage workers
How does the United States stack up? International comparisons of academic achievement
State policies to bring adult learning into focus
Reaching higher college completion (working paper)
Reaching higher with Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana: Focusing on the roll of community colleges
Indiana's adult education and workforce skills performance report: Preparing adults for a brighter future
Condition of education 2008
Opportunity matters: A journal of research informing educational opportunity, practice and programs
The connection strategy: Preparing young people to succeed in college and beyond
National Indian Education Study 2007 Part II: The educational experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native students in grades 4 and 8
Back to basics: Improving college readiness of community college students
ETS Policy Notes: Adult education in America
From assets to school outcomes: How finances shape children's perceived possibilities and intentions
Getting What We Pay For: State Community College Strategies that Low-Income, Lower-Skilled Students
Promoting Full-Time Attendance Among Adults in Community College
What We Must Do To Create a System That Prepares Students for College Success
Student Aid Simplification: Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Putting money on the table: Information, financial aid, and access to college
A profile of successful Pell Grant recipients: Time to Bachelor's degree and early graduate school enrollment
Given half a chance: The Schott 50 state report on public education and black males
Beyond access: Explaining socioeconomic differences in college transfer
Engaging Faculty and Staff: An Imperative for Fostering Retention, Advising, and Smart Borrowing
Confronting the "new" American dilemma: Underrepresented minorities in engineering: A data-based look at diversity (Executive Summary)
Project Complete
Early intervention programs: Opening the doors to higher education
The impacts of regular Upward Bound: Results from the third follow-up data collection
A profile of the Talent Search program: 1998-99
A study of the Talent Search program: Analysis and highlights
Breaking through: Helping low-skilled adults enter and succeed in college and careers
Strategic directions in Indiana education
Indiana's 21st century scholars: A new community college system and college prep curriculum are improving the state's position
Mounting pressures facing the U.S. workforce and the increasing need for adult education and literacy
The UW-Madison sixth annual plan 2008 campus forum
A report on the status of Hispanics in education: Overcoming a history of neglect
Charter high schools: Closing the achievement gap
Pre-K and Latinos: The foundation for America's future
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
How outreach programs are implemented affects student achivement
Postsecondary success begins with high school preparation
Educational programs and projects that address the needs of low-income students
Choosing Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs): A closer look at Latino students college choices
Raising the Bar: Policy Recommendations for high school reform
Career academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment
Higher education, higher cost and higher debt: Paying for college in the future
Measuring up 2006
Grants for students: What they do, why they work
College access, financial aid, and college success for undergraduates from foster care
Doors of opportunity opening or closing: We are using tax credits and tuition discounts to appease middle-class voters instead of expanding educational opportunity
State of decline? Gaps in college access and achievement call for renewed commitment to educating Californians
A matter of degrees: Improving graduation rates in four-year colleges and universities
School context, student attitudes and behavior, and student achievement: An exploratory analysis
Educational needs index
First generation college students: A literature review
A step toward college success: Assessing attainment among Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars
Educational attainment in the United States: 2003
Our impoverished view of education reform
Persistence among first-generation college students in Indiana: The impact of precollege preparation, college experiences, and financial aid
Income of U.S. workforce projected to decline if education doesn't improve
The link between high school reform and college access and success for low-income and minority youth
Increasing the preparedness of at-risk students
Access denied: Restoring the nation’s commitment to equal educational opportunity
Missed opportunities: A new look at disadvantaged college aspirants
College access in Indiana and the United States: A 2005 status report
Raising the graduation rates of low-income college students
An overview of higher education in the United States: Diversity, access, and the role of the marketplace
Pathways to and through college: Linking policy with research and practice
College scholarships for Latino students: Are opportunities being missed?
Making opportunity affordable: Reinvesting in college access and success
Hitting home: Quality, cost, and access challenges confronting higher education today
Every child, every promise: Turning failure into action
Georgia's HOPE scholarship and minority and low-income students: Program effects and proposed reforms
CSO College Center: A student gateway to college access, opportunity, and success
Texas public universities' data and performance report: Part A
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2006
Asian Pacific Islander American Students and U.S. high schools
State grant aid and it's effects on students' college choices
Opportunity in America: The role of education
Access to success initiative
Transfer between community colleges and four-year colleges: The all-American game
Cashing in or cashing out: Tools for measuring the effectiveness and outcomes of financial aid events
Who graduates in California?
The Chafee Educational and Training Voucher (ETV) program: Six states experiences
Serving adult learners in higher education: Principles of effectiveness
Looking to the future: Volunatary K-12 school integration
The economic promise of investing in high-quality preschool: Using early education to improve economic growth and the fiscal sustainability of states and the nation
Who's left behind? Immigrant children in high and low LEP schools
Demography is not destiny: Increasing the graduation rates of low-income college students at large public universities
Adult learners in higher education: Barriers to success and strategies to improve results
Post-secondary education options for low-income students
Addressing the needs of adult learners
A profile of the Ronald McNair postbaccalaureate achievement program: 1999-2000
Dropout risk factors and exemplary programs: A technical report
Adult learning in focus: National and state-by-state data
The growing imbalance: Recent trends in U.S. postsecondary education finance
Breaking through: Factsheet
Engaging faculty and staff: An imperative for fostering retention, advising, and smart borrowing
The 4th annual AP report to the nation
Best practices in recruiting and retaining minority graduate students
A profile of the Talent Search program: 1999-2000
Engaged for success: Service-learning as a tool for high school dropout prevention
New England Journal of Higher Education
Out before the game begins: Hispanic leaders talk about what's needed to bring more Hispanic youngsters into science, technology and math professions
College access and success state data
Wealth mobility and volatility in black and white
Student aid and university persistence - Does aid matter?
Opportunity adrift: Our flagship universities are straying from their public mission
College Access Challenge Grants: Including Adult Learners, Strengthening Student Success
How much are college students borrowing?
Schools, Skills, and Synapses
Willing and Able, But Not Eligible
Trends in college pricing 2008
A matter of trust: Ten key insights from recent public opinion research on attitudes about education among Hispanic parents
The status of African Americans in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
Upward Bound Math-Science: Program description and interim impact estimates
Transitions to adulthood for homeless adolescents: Education and public policy
McNair scholar handbook
Low-income students and college success: More than money
The costs and benefits of an excellent education for all of America's children
Beating the odds: The real challenges behind the math achievement gap - and what high-achieving schools can teach us about how to close it
Transitional jobs for ex-prisoners: Early impacts from a random assignment evaluation of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO) Prisoner Reentry Program
Adult learning in focus: Individual state profiles and downloadable data
Annotated bibliography: Adult learning in focus: National and state data report
Beating the odds: An analysis of student performance and achievement gaps on state assessments: 2005-06 School year
California policy options to accelerate Latino success in higher education
Condition of education 2002: Special analysis, nontraditional undergraduates
Condition of education 2007
Realizing the college dream (English and Spanish versions)
Closing educational achievement gaps for Latino/a students in Utah
Ladders of learning: Fighting fade-out by advancing pK-3 alignment
Childcare and early childhood education: More information sharing and program review by HHS could enhance access for families with limited English proficiency
Straight from the source: What works for first-generation college students
Promoting a systematic focus on learning supports to address barriers to learning and teaching
Money on the table: State initiatives to improve financial aid participation
Middle school practices improve student achievement in high poverty schools
The context of "choice" in college pathways
Orphan Foundation of America
Are teachers prepared for racially diverse schools? Teachers describe their preparation, resources, and practices for racially diverse schools
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Alabama: Key education facts and figures 2006
Alabama: Featured facts from the SREB Fact Book on higher education
Connected by 25: Financing entrepreneurship programs for youth transitioning out of foster care
No Child Left Behind: State report card 2005-2006
Financing asset building and financial education programs for youth transitioning out of foster care
A test of leadership: Charting the future of U.S. higher education
A research agenda for the study of the effects of borrowing and the prospects of indebtedness on students' college-going choices
How well are states educating our neediest children?: The Fordham report 2006
Knowledge for practice: A training program for college access advisors
How do financial aid policies affect colleges? The institutional impact of the Georgia HOPE scholarship
NDSFA: State financial aid and college access
Engines of inequality: Diminishing equity in the nation's premier public universities
The seventh generation: Native students speak about finding the good path
Measuring up 2006 state report card on education: Indiana
Institutional grants and baccalaureate degree attainment
Cal-SOAP
College enrollment gender gap widens for White and Hispanic students, but race and income disparities still most significant new ACE report finds
Pathways to a four-year degree: Determinants of transfer and degree completion
Persistence and attainment of beginning students with Pell Grants
Work first, study second: Adult undergraduates who combine employment and postsecondary enrollment
The dream deferred: Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
Pathways to a four-year degree: The higher education story of one generation
Socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and selective college admissions
It's kind of different: Student experiences in two early college high schools
One-third of a nation: Rising drop-out rates and declining opportunity
Primary progress, secondary challenge
At what cost? The price that working students pay for a college education
Crucial choices: How students financial decisions affect their academic success
Cultural barriers to incurring debt: An exploration of borrowing and impact on access to postsecondary education
A summary of career beginnings impact evaluation: Findings from a program for disadvantaged high school students
Breaking through: Helping low-skilled adults enter and succeed in college and careers
Educational needs index state report: Indiana
Increasing the college preparedness of at-risk students
How curriculum influences college persistence in Indiana and the nation
2003 status report on the Pell grant program
Left behind: Unequal opportunity in higher education.
Network news: Focus on finance policy, access, and affordability
Rhetoric and reality: Effects and consequences of the HOPE scholarship
Preserving access with excellence: Financing for rural community colleges
Debt burden: Repaying student debt
State financial aid: Policies to enhance articulation and transfer
Higher education reform: Incorporating the needs of foster youth
Gender gap grows
Making college affordable: A work-book on financial aid, loans, and scholarships for college-bound students and their families (Spanish version)
Internet inequalities: Financial aid, the internet, and low-income students
Closing the college participation gap: A national summary
Mortgaging our future: How financial barriers to college undercut America's global competitiveness
How do pre-collegiate outreach programs impact college-going among underrepresented students
NDSFA: The financial aid partnership
Financial aid issues for students from low income families
Equality and education, A Century Foundation project
Breaking through the barriers to college: Empowering low-income communities, schools, and families for college opportunity and student financial aid
Tracking achievement gaps and assessing the impact of NCLB on the gaps
Trends in college pricing 2006
Moving on: State policies to address academic brain drain in the South
American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian education in the states
Miles to go: Louisiana
Return on investment: Educational choices and demographic change in California's future
California: State accountability report card 2005-06
Closing the gaps by 2015: The Texas higher education plan
Education longitudinal study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A first look at the initial postsecondary experiences of the high school Sophomore class of 2002
Their fair share: How Texas-sized gaps in teacher quality shortchange low-income and minority students
An overview of post-secondary support programs for former foster youth
Recent participation in formal learning among working-age adults with different levels of education
A plan to improve the quality of teaching in American schools
State merit aid programs: Responses by Florida community colleges
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
Understanding Latino parental involvement in education: Perceptions, expectations, and recommendations
Frequently asked questions about college access and success
The Sallie Mae Fund
Voces (Voices): A profile of today's Latino college students
A college access contract
2007 Status report on the Pell Grant program
Building bridges to college and careers: Contextualized basic skills programs at community colleges
Boosters, brokers, and bridges: Real world ideas for college access programs
Hidden in plain sight: Adult learners forge a new tradition in higher education
Qualified teachers for at-risk schools: A national imperative
Proven benefits of early childhood interventions
The alternative pathways project: A framework for dropout reduction and recovery
Balancing acts: How high school counselors view risks and opportunities of student loans
Student African American Brotherhood
Setting students' sights on college: Chicago public schools
Back to school: Federal student aid policy and adult college enrollment
College affordability for students from low and lower-middle income families
African American students and U.S. high schools
Examining gaps in mathematics achievement among racial-ethnic groups, 1972-1992
National evaluation of GEAR UP: A summary of the first two years
GEAR UP Resources Clearinghouse Homepage
On ramp to college: A state policymaker's guide to dual enrollment
Research brief: Practices that support data use in urban high schools
Peace Corps: Programs for graduate students
Flexible learning options for adult students
Early and often: Designing a comprehensive system of financial aid information
Economic state of young America
The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
2007-08 National postsecondary student aid study (NPSAS:08): Student financial aid estimates for 2007-08
Rising Tuition and Enrollment in Public Higher Education
IDA pays: A missing piece of the access puzzle
Providing effective financial aid assistance to students from foster care and unaccompanied homeless youth
Trends in student aid 2009
What is the price of college? Total, net, and out of pocket prices in 2007-08
2010 Tuition Fees and Financial Aid Report
Seizing the Measurement Moment
Access and persistence: Fall 2009
Hopes & hurdles: California foster youth and college financial aid
Federal student aid formula: Cost-of-living adjustment could increase aid to a small percentage of students in high-cost areas but could also further complicate aid process
Financial aid in theory and practice
SREB Factbook on higher education
The challenge to the states: Preserving college access and affordability in a time of crisis
Squeeze play 2009: The public's view on college costs today
Apply to Succeed: Ensuring community college students benefit from need-based financial aid
What is Known About the Impact of Financial Aid? Implications for Policy
Education and training for TANF recipients: Opportunities and challenges under the final rule
The status of Latinos/as in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
Center for Law and Social Policy
Toward a national workforce education and training policy
In-state tuition for undocumented immigrants
Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) Scholarship Program
Ronald E. McNair Postbaccaluareate Achievement Program: 2002-05 facts and figures at a glance
Reaching higher with accountability (working paper)
Parent expectations and planning for college: Statistical analysis report
Consortium on Chicago school research at the University of Chicago
Raising graduation rates in an era of high standards: Five commitments for state action
2008-09 EFC (Expected Family Contribution) Formula Guide
School strategies and the "college linking" process: Reconsidering the effects of high schools on college enrollment
Enlace: Engaging Latino communities for education
Forging new partnerships: Adult and developmental education in community colleges
Council for Adult and Experiential Learning
Lumina Foundation for Education: Adult learners
College access and tax credits
In need of improvement: NCLB & high schools
State of college opportunity in Ohio 2005
Using EPAS™ to evaluate school-based intervention programs: GEAR UP
Using EXPLORE® and PLAN® Data to Evaluate GEAR UP Programs
Ensuring academic success for English learners
Inside the black box of high-performing high-poverty schools
Early childhood investment yields big payoff
Understanding recent changes in child poverty
Children at risk: Consequences for school readiness and beyond
The progress of education reform: Closing the achievement gap
New faces, old patterns: Segregation in the multiracial south
Access to college: The role of tuition, financial aid, scholastic preparation and college supply in public college enrollments
Teaching and learning across the class divide
Baltimore city's high school reform initiative: Schools, students, and outcomes
Teacher credentials and student achievement in high school: A cross-subject analysis with student fixed effects
The facts: Postsecondary access and success
StateVoucher.org (Education and Training Vouchers)
Academic competitiveness grant
Parent primer on career exploration
Project stepping stone: A college preparation program for Hispanic youth
Still looking to the future: Voluntary K-12 student integration: A manual for parents, educators, and advocates
The family: America's smallest school
Constrained after college: Student loans and early career occupational choices
SREB states lead the nation in Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Programs
Student loans and public accountability
How far behind in math and reading are English Language Learners?
Breaking the cycle of poverty starts with learning
Achievement trap: How America is failing millions of high-achieving students from lower-income families
Institutional Student Profiles Fall 2006 for the State of Alabama
2005-2006 Alabama Board of Education report card: A state summary
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Texas: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education watch California: Key facts and figures
From cradle to career: Connecting American education from birth through adulthood; California state report
Federal Student Aid (FSA)
Education watch Indiana: Key education facts and figures
Indiana Higher Education Opportunity Data Book
Education watch Washington: Key education facts and figures
Education watch Washington: Key Education Facts and Figures
Center for Student Opportunity
The college and financial aid guide for: AB540 undocumented immigrant students
Dropout rates in the United States: 2004
Lottery funded merit scholarships: Some lessons from the Florida Bright Futures Scholarship program
Improving urban student achievement through early childhood reform: What state policymakers can do
Career development in context: Selected trends in education, economics, labor, and society
Study of the effect of the Talent Search program on secondary and postsecondary outcomes in Florida, Indiana and Texas
Catching the Dream
Sallie Mae: First in my family scholarship
Paying back, not giving back: Student debt's negative influence on public service career opportunities
NDSFA: Fundamental assumptions and aims underlying the principles of federal financial aid to students
Parent power and urban school reform: The story of Mothers on the Move
Paying for college: The rising cost of higher education
2003-04 National postsecondary student aid study: Undergraduate financial aid estimates for twelve states
Indiana project on academic success: Retention Bibliography
Placing college graduation rates in context: How 4-Year college graduation rates vary with selectivity and the size of low-income enrollment
Recession, retrenchment, and recovery: State higher education funding and student financial aid
Accelerated learning options: A promising strategy for states
Vital voices: Building constituencies for public school reform
Postsecondary Education English Spanish Glossary
Dealing with debt: 1992-93 bachelor's degree recipients 10 years later
Promise abandoned: How policy choices and institutional practices restrict college opportunity
State data systems and privacy concerns: Strategies for balancing public interests
Basic facts about in-state tuition for undocumented immigrant students
Equal access to postsecondary education? The case of undocumented immigrant students
Easy money: How congress could increase federal student aid funding at no additional cost to taxpayers
Affordability of postsecondary education: Equity and adequacy across the 50 states
Powerful partnerships: Independent colleges share high-impact strategies for low-income students’ success
Pre-college outreach programs for low-income students: A literature review
How is school reform tied to increasing college access and success for low income and minority youth
Borrowers who drop out: A neglected aspect of the college student loan trend
All students reaching the top: Strategies for closing academic achievement gaps
The student aid gauntlet: Making access to college simple and certain
Do grants matter?
Getting through college: Voices of low-income and minority students in New England
Working their way through college: Student employment and its impact on the college experience
Beyond the 49th parallel II: The affordability of university education
American student achievement institute
Locked up and locked out: An educational perspective on the U.S. prison pipeline
Career advancement for low-income workers through community college and community-based organization partnerships
Gaining traction, gaining ground: How some high schools accelerate learning for struggling students
Paying for college: Changes between 1990 and 2000 for full-time dependent undergraduates
Postsecondary education opportunity
Transitions to college: From theory to practice
Add it up: Using research to improve education for low-income and minority students
Show us the money: Low-income students, families, and financial aid
Student financial aid: Need determination could be enhanced through improvements in education's estimate of applicants state tax payments
Student financing of graduate and first professional education: 1999-2000