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Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Hammond, C., Linton, D., Smink, J., and Drew, S
Title:Dropout risk factors and exemplary programs: A technical report
Organization:National Dropout Prevention Center/Network
Short Description:Communities In Schools (CIS) collaborated with the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network at Clemson University (NDPC/N) to conduct a comprehensive study of the dropout crisis in the United States. Specifically, the intent of the study was to: identify the risk factors or conditions that significantly increase the likelihood of students dropping out of school; and identify exemplary, evidence-based programs that address the identified risk factors and conditions.
Annotation:Communities In Schools (CIS) collaborated with the National Dropout Prevention Center/Network at Clemson University (NDPC/N) to conduct a comprehensive study of the dropout crisis in the United States. Specifically, the intent of the study was to: identify the risk factors or conditions that significantly increase the likelihood of students dropping out of school; and identify exemplary, evidence-based programs that address the identified risk factors and conditions. Overall findings include: dropping out of school is related to a variety of factors that can be classified in four areas or domains - individual, family, school, and community factors; there is no single risk factor that can be used to accurately predict who is at risk of dropping out; the accuracy of dropout predictions increases when combinations of multiple risk factors are considered; dropouts are not a homogeneous group; students who drop out often cite factors across multiple domains and there are complex interactions among risk factors; dropping out of school is often the result of a long process of disengagement that may begin before a child enters school; and dropping out is often described as a process, not an event, with factors building and compounding over time.
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Associated Keywords:
Evidence-based Interventions/Best Practices
High School
High School Dropouts
High School Graduation
Low-Income Students
Student Success
Students with Disabilities/ Special Needs Students

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